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Sleep Apnea

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Sleep Apnea and Snoring Treatment Madison, TN

TAP® treats snoring and sleep apnea.

If you suffer from sleep disordered breathing (SDB) – snoring or sleep apnea – it can be a nuisance and also a hazard to your health.

Sleep disordered breathing is the general term used to describe a range problems that occur as you try to breathe while you sleep. Sleep disordered breathing includes simple snoring to severe sleep apnea.

Snoring

Snoring is the sign of a breathing problem. When you snore, you are breathing through a narrowed airway, which is like trying to breathe through a bent hose. In some cases, snoring is a “red flag” for a more serious medical problem called obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). It can have an impact on your quality of life and even affect your relationships.

Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome (UARS)

People with Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome (UARS) snore but they don’t have all the symptoms that must be present to be diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs when your airway completely collapses and blocks airflow to your lungs. People with sleep apnea can stop breathing hundreds of times during the night, which limits how much oxygen circulates through the body. Obstructive sleep apnea is a chronic disease that can lead to serious health problems, such as extreme daytime sleepiness and high blood pressure. There are two types of sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.

If sleep apnea is left untreated…
There may be a cost to your health and quality of life. You are more likely to experience some of the short and long-term effects of sleep disordered breathing.

More About Sleep Apnea & Snoring

Effects

Effects

People who have sleep disordered breathing and bed partners who are kept awake by snoring often suffer from sleep deprivation and are prone to daytime sleepiness, which can lead to physical, mental and social problems. Obstructive sleep apnea is also linked to a variety of serious health problems.

Diagnosis

Why Get Treated?

Loud snoring can be a warning sign of more serious breathing disorders, such as upper airway resistance syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea.

Because many serious health problems and even death are linked to sleep apnea, clinicians like to know whether or not their patient has any degree of sleep apnea before they recommend a treatment plan. Sleep apnea is a chronic disease, like diabetes or high blood pressure. A sleep test will tell the doctor how bad your apnea is. You and the doctor can then make decisions on how best to treat your problem.

If you suffer from any of the following, you may want to get tested for sleep apnea:

  • Loud snoring
  • Choking or gasping during sleep
  • Chronic sleepiness during the day
  • High blood pressure

Identifying and treating apnea early is one way to improve your health and get the rest you need.

Testing Options

Testing Options

There are two types of tests used to diagnose sleep apnea. For years, the standard diagnostic tool has been a lab-based sleep study called a polysomnogram (PSG). New technologies have been developed that are equally as if not more effective as lab-based sleep studies. They are home-based sleep study where the patent can be tested in the comfort of their own home.

Lab based sleep study (Polysomnogram)

When you go to a sleep lab for a polysomnogram (PSG) test, you spend the night at the facility. Before you go to sleep, a technician will hook you up to a variety of wires that will monitor different body and brain functions over the course of the night.

Home based sleep study

When a patient has a snoring or sleep apnea problem, home-based sleep studies are often a more convenient way to evaluate the problem, especially if the doctor thinks you have sleep disordered breathing. The patient takes a testing device home and conducts the test in his or her own bed.

Home-based sleep studies always measure the oxygen level in the blood and the heart function through a pulse oximeter. Some devices measure additional body functions such as amount of airflow, amount of snoring and body position.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis

An overnight sleep test measures different body and brain functions when you are sleeping.

To make a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea, the doctor must evaluate how much oxygen is in your blood over the course of the night. If the amount of oxygen in the blood falls beneath certain levels, the doctor will know how severe the problem is and if you have airway resistance or sleep apnea.

Both lab-based and home-based sleep tests monitor more than just blood oxygen levels. Although this extra information is nice to have, it is not absolutely necessary to make a diagnosis and treatment decision.

Facts

  • 40 million Americans suffer from some form of Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB).
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) may be present in 20-40% of the adult population who snore.
  • As many as ninety percent of people with OSA have not been diagnosed.
  • An individual with untreated apnea is up to four times more likely to have a stroke and 3 times more likely to have heart disease and twice as likely to have hypertension.
  • Studies show that OSA causes hypertension; one study showed that eighty percent of patients with drug-resistant hypertension have OSA.
  • Untreated OSA results in decreased work productivity, resulting in a cost of around $5 billion annually in the US.
  • Approximately three of every four bariatric surgery candidates have OSA.
  • Patients with untreated OSA who undergo anesthesia for surgery are at greater risk for complications during surgery than people without OSA.
  • Weight gain can increase a person’s chances of developing moderate to severe OSA.
  • Patients with undiagnosed and untreated OSA have higher medical costs.
  • People with OSA are six times more likely to have a car crash than those without the disease.
  • Untreated OSA increases the risk of complications and even death from related chronic diseases, such as stroke, heart disease, hypertension and diabetes.
  • Treatment of OSA results in fewer hospitalizations from related diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes.

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